每日英语听力

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2019年英语专业八级真题听力 Mini-lecture(1)

Body Language and Mind Good morning, everyone.

In today's lecture, I'd like to focus on how our body language reveals who we are. We're really fascinated with body language, and particularly interested in other people's body language.

You know, we're sometimes interested in an awkward interaction, or a smile, or a contemptuous glance, or maybe a very awkward wink, or handshake. So what kind of body language am I talking about?

I am interested in power dynamics -- that is the nonverbal expressions of power and dominance. And what are nonverbal expressions of power and dominance?

Well, this is what they are. In the animal kingdom, nonverbal expressions of power and dominance are about expanding.

So you make yourself big, you stretch out, you take up space and you're basically opening up. And. . . and humans do the same thing.

So they do this when they're feeling powerful in the moment. And this one is especially interesting because it really shows us how universal and old these expressions of power are.

For example, when athletes cross the finish line and they've won, it doesn't matter if they've never seen anyone do it. They do this. So the arms are up in the V sign, the chin is slightly lifted.

But what do we do when we feel powerless? We do exactly the opposite. We close up. We make ourselves small.

We don't want to bump into the person next to us. And this is what happens when you put together high and low power.

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