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Dynein also helps force apart chromosomes during cell division.

以及在细胞分裂,提供机械能协助染色体的分离。”

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Chromosomes also determine the sex of animals.

染色体也决定动物的性别。

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Improve and optimize the method of Chromosome of zooblast.

改进和优化动物细胞染色体的临时制片技术。

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The polytene chromosomes found in the salivary gland cells are among the largest chromosomes known today.

唾液腺细胞的多线染色体是目前已知的最大染色体之一。

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The polymorphy of fronds and chromosome number of Ophioglossum petiolatum Hook.

有梗瓶尔小草叶的多形性和染色体数目.

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Y chromosome has two types of polymorphism:metacentric (or submetacentric) and acrocentric chromosomes.

染色体有(或)和近端着丝粒染色体。

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If both of a pair of homologous chromosomes are missing, nullisomy results.

一对同源染色体都缺失缺体。

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These translocation lines were generated from homeologous chromosome pairing, or mis-division and reconstruction of univalent chromosomes.

染色体易位有的来源于同祖配对交换,有的来源于单价体错分裂或断裂的重建。

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In the nucleoplasm chromosomes consisting of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and proteins are present.

核质的染色体由脱氧核糖核酸(DNA)和蛋白质构成。

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Is Photosensitive Epilepsy Less Common in Males Due to Variation in X Chromosome Photopigment Genes?

光敏感性癫痫在男性较少见是否由于X染色头感光色素基因变异?

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Lysogeny is a semi-permanent association between the phage and host chromosomes.

溶源性是噬菌体和寄生染色体之间的半永久联合。

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In plants this is sometimes overcome by the doubling of the chromosome number, giving an allopolyploid.

在植物,这种不育现象有时可因染色体数目加倍而抵消,产生同源多倍体。

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Chromomere A small beadlike deeply staining structure seen in chromosomes during prophase of mitosis and meiosis.

在有丝分裂及减数分裂的前期存在于染色体上的小念珠状的着色深的结构。

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Another role of siRNA is directing RITS complex to bind with homologue chromosome, and then induces heterochromatinization.

与RISC结合外,siRNA还引导RITS复合物结合到同源染色质,介导异染色质化过程。

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There were detestably close synapses between homologous chromosomes during thellateprophase and early metaphase in mitosis of somatic cells.

发现在其有丝分裂的晚前期、期阶段,咯对同源染色体都在进行联会。

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But many primates, including humans, hae a third photopigment, encoded by a second gene on the X chromosome.

但是多数灵长类包括人类有着三种感光色素,通过在X染色体的第二种基因编码。

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In contrast to homoploid hybrid species,polyploid species are easily diagnosed because of chromosome number changes associated with genome doubling.

与同倍杂合体物种相比,因与基因组加倍相关的染色体数目的变化,多倍杂合体物种很容易判断。

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These results indicated that a nonhistone protein scaffold really existed and distributed as granules and fibres over the whole chromosomes.

染色体骨架在小麦是真实存在的,骨架蛋白以颗粒和纤维状的形式分布于整个染色体

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Karyogram (idiogram) The formalized layout of the KARYOTYPE of a species, often with the chromosomes arranged in a certain numerical sequence.

一个种染色体组的固定排列。

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Karyotaxonomy of parasitic wasps will probably develop in the future through further data accumulation and increasing use of chromosome banding methods.

通过核型数据的进一步积累和染色体显带方法的进一步应用,寄生蜂的核型分类学将得到进一步的发展。

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TED演讲(视频版) 2019年1月合集

We all have XX chromosomes, right?

都有XX色体,对吧?

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双语版 TED-Ed 演讲精选

HeLa cells themselves actually have around 80 highly mutated chromosomes.

海拉细胞自己拥有大约八十条高度变异的色体。

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科技内幕

For one, there were signs of radiation damage in Scott's chromosomes.

首先,斯科特的色体中有辐射损伤的痕迹。

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科普小杂文

Time also gradually shortens the telomeres that act as protective caps for our DNA-containing chromosomes.

时间也会逐渐缩短端粒的长度,端粒是我DNA色体的保护帽。

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科技内幕

We know that radiation causes or will induce these chromosome aberrations, or rearrangement of the chromosomes.

辐射会引起或诱发色体的畸变或重排。

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Osmosis-

In the translocation, the two chromosomes swap large pieces of chromosome with each other.

在易位过程中,两条色体交换了大量的色体片段。

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世界节假日

Down Syndrome is a disorder of the chromosomes.

唐氏综合症是色体疾病。

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Osmosis-消化

The DR part refers to its location on the chromosome.

DR的编号是由其在色体上的位置决定的。

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VOA Special 2019年3月合集

She also discovered plants with chromosomes that broke without help of radiation.

她也发现了色体未经x射线照射而被破坏的植物。

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Osmosis-

One known mechanism for how a follicular lymphoma develops, is a chromosomal translocation between chromosome 14 and chromosome 18.

一种的滤泡性淋巴瘤发生机制,是14号色体和18号色体之间的色体易位。

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Osmosis-遗传

A second way is called maternal uniparental disomy, which means two chromosomes from one parent—the mother.

第二个导致父源基因不表达的原因是母源单亲二体,即两条同源色体都来自母方。

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经济学人-科技

The other two were genes that help maintain the structure of chromosomes.

其他两个是帮助维护持色体结构的基因。

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科学60秒 2018年12月合集

Meaning very little changes about the Y chromosome from generation to generation.

这意味着Y色体在代际传递过程中的变化很少。

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Asap SCIENCE 精选

Telomeres are protective caps on the end of our chromosomes which shorten over time.

端粒是色体末端的保护帽,随着时间的推移会缩短。

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The caps on the end of your chromosomes that fray as we age.

随着年龄的增长色体末端盖会磨损。

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Scishow 精选系列

That's because the gene that's responsible for making G6PD is on the X chromosome.

这是因为X色体基因决定G6PD。

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PBS趣味科普

Unlike your other 46 chromosomes, there's no shuffling when it's passed between generations.

与你的其他 46 条色体不同,它代代相传时不会改组。

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Osmosis-遗传

Finally, there might be a translocation, which is when two chromosomes swap material.

最后一个原因可能是色体易位,也就是两条色体间发生片段交换。

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Asap SCIENCE 精选

Studies show that the most influential hair-loss gene is located on the " X" chromosome only.

研究显示造成秃头的基因位于 X 色体上。

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Discovery纪录片《认识细菌》

We'd like to think that we're highly evolved and therefore our chromosomes are probably highly evolved.

认为我是高度进化的,因此色体可能也是高度进化。

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