We live in an increasingly secular society.
concerted secular music for voices.
secular attitudes to death.
putting ecclesiastical vestments to secular use was considered sacrilege.
Since Henry Ⅱ, the struggle for judicial power between the king and the ecclesial , secular noble decided the special road of common law.
The upper texts often became a confusing mixture of sacred and secular—and even anticlerical—poems, indicating its intended performance in courtly as well as ecclesiastical settings.
in each region there was a complex hierarchy of castes strictly forbidden to intermarry and interdine, controlled and regulated by secular powers who acted on the advice of the court Brahmans.